Health & Wellness News and Tips
Priya K + Follow 27 Nov 2016
Insulin Basics: When insulin breaks up with glucose.

Insulin Basics: When insulin breaks up with glucose.

Insulin is a hormone. It is a protein responsible for regulating blood glucose levels. Insulin is manufactured in the pancreas, and is secreted by the beta cells in response to glucose.

Be a liver, not a fighter.

Here are the basics of insulin you need to know to keep diabetes in control. In healthy people, insulin helps keep a steady blood glucose level by ensuring sufficient release from the liver. Low insulin levels cause the release of glucose, while more insulin inhibits glucose production by telling the liver to store glucose as glycogen.

Types of Insulin

Insulin cannot be taken orally. It must be injected with a syringe, an insulin pen, or an insulin pump. Although at a cellular level, insulin has the same effect, chemical modification of the insulin protein has allowed for the development of different types of insulin for the treatment of diabetes. The main differences between the various types of insulin used in diabetes treatment are the speed of onset and the duration of the effects of the drug.

  • Rapid-acting insulin: This type of insulin begins working approximately 15 minutes after an injection. The injection can last for 3 to 5 hours, and it's often taken before a meal.
  • Short-acting insulin: Taken before a meal, insulin starts working in about 30 minutes to 60 minutes after an injection, and lasts 5 to 8 hours.
  • Long-acting insulin: Insulin may not start working until one hour after an injection, and it can last up to 26 hours.

Injecting Insulin

·         Insulin is absorbed more consistently from the abdomen so this is the area to use for injections.

·         Inject at least an inch away from the previous site to avoid pit and bump problems.

·         Pinch up some skin and fat to inject into to avoid hitting a muscle. If you hit a muscle, it will likely hurt and it could cause a low blood sugar as the insulin is absorbed quickly.

·         Vary the sites you inject insulin into. If you inject it into the same spot repeatedly, it can cause changes in the fat tissue under the skin. It can cause a pit under the skin where extra fat tissue can grow. These can change the absorption time of insulin and many people don't like the way they look.

To consult with a Diabetic Specialist click here.

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