Insulin Basics: When insulin breaks up with glucose.
Insulin is a hormone. It is a protein responsible for regulating blood glucose levels. Insulin is manufactured in the pancreas, and is secreted by the beta cells in response to glucose.
Be a liver, not a fighter.
Here are the basics of insulin you need to know to keep diabetes in control. In healthy people, insulin helps keep a steady blood glucose level by ensuring sufficient release from the liver. Low insulin levels cause the release of glucose, while more insulin inhibits glucose production by telling the liver to store glucose as glycogen.
Types of Insulin
Insulin cannot be taken orally. It must be injected with a syringe, an insulin pen, or an insulin pump. Although at a cellular level, insulin has the same effect, chemical modification of the insulin protein has allowed for the development of different types of insulin for the treatment of diabetes. The main differences between the various types of insulin used in diabetes treatment are the speed of onset and the duration of the effects of the drug.
· Insulin is absorbed more consistently from the abdomen so this is the area to use for injections.
· Inject at least an inch away from the previous site to avoid pit and bump problems.
· Pinch up some skin and fat to inject into to avoid hitting a muscle. If you hit a muscle, it will likely hurt and it could cause a low blood sugar as the insulin is absorbed quickly.
· Vary the sites you inject insulin into. If you inject it into the same spot repeatedly, it can cause changes in the fat tissue under the skin. It can cause a pit under the skin where extra fat tissue can grow. These can change the absorption time of insulin and many people don't like the way they look.
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